Citroën

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Automobiles CITROËN
Type Subsidiary of PSA Peugeot Citroën
Industry Automotive
Founded 1919
Founder(s) André Citroën
Headquarters Saint-Ouen, Seine-Saint-Denis, France[1]
Products Automobiles
Production output 1,302,900[2] (2009)
Employees 13,900[3]
Parent PSA Peugeot Citroën
Website Citroën.com

Citroën is a major French automobile manufacturer, part of the PSA Peugeot Citroën group.

Founded in 1919 by French industrialist André-Gustave Citroën (1878–1935), Citroën was the first mass-production car company outside the USA [4] and pioneered the modern concept of creating a sales and services network that complements the motor car.[5] Within eight years Citroën had become Europe's largest car manufacturer and the 4th largest in the world.[6]

File:Tour Eiffel Citroen.jpg
The Eiffel Tower served as a billboard for Citroën from 1925 to 1934.

Citroën earned a reputation for innovation and revolutionary engineering, which is reflected in the company's slogan "Créative Technologie". Its history of innovation began with its founding, when André-Gustave Citroën introduced the first industrial mass production of vehicles outside the United States, a technique he developed mass-producing armaments for the French military in World War I. In 1924, Citroën produced Europe’s first all-steel-bodied car, the B-10.[7] In 1934, Citroën secured its reputation for innovation with its Traction Avant, not only the world's first mass-produced front-wheel drive car, but also one of the first cars to feature a monocoque-type body.[8] In 1954 Citroën produced the world's first hydropneumatic self-levelling suspension system,Template:Fix then in 1955 the revolutionary Citroën DS, the first European production car with disc brakes.Template:Fix In 1967, Citroën introduced the first swiveling headlights in several models, allowing for greater visibility on winding roads.

The brand celebrated its 90th Anniversary in 2009.

Models

List of Citroën models


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References

  1. "Saint-Ouen retrouve son fleuve, la Seine." l'Humanité. 28 October 2006. Retrieved on 3 February 2010. "La mort lente des petites entreprises, la délocalisation des plus importantes ont transformé Saint-Ouen. Il ne reste en centre-ville que l’usine Citroën.."
  2. "PSA Peugeot Citroën - Key Figures". Psa-peugeot-citroen.com. 2010-08-06. http://www.psa-peugeot-citroen.com/en/psa_group/key_figures_b4.php. Retrieved 2011-08-01. 
  3. "The Company". citroen.com. http://www.piecescitroensport.citroen.com/CWW/en-US/ABOUTCITROEN/IDENTITYCARD/THECOMPANY/. Retrieved 2007-09-19. 
  4. "NSN". http://www.nsn.co.uk/car-service/citroen. 
  5. "Citroënmania.com". http://www.citroen-mania.com.ar/andrecitroen-english.htm. 
  6. Reynolds, John. "André Citroën: Engineer, Explorer, Entrepreneur". (J H Haynes & Co Ltd) Revised edition (25 August 2006) Page 63
  7. "Citroën – All-Steel Bodywork". http://www.citroen.co.uk/our-brand/history/innovation/#/our-brand/history/innovation/. 
  8. Reynolds, John. "André Citroën: Engineer, Explorer, Entrepreneur". (J H Haynes & Co Ltd) Revised edition (25 August 2006) inside cover
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