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Automobiles CITROËN
Type Subsidiary of PSA Peugeot Citroën
Industry Automotive
Founded 1919
Founder(s) André Citroën
Headquarters Saint-Ouen, Seine-Saint-Denis, France[1]
Products Automobiles
Production output 1,302,900[2] (2009)
Employees 13,900[3]
Parent PSA Peugeot Citroën
Website Citroë

Citroën is a major French automobile manufacturer, part of the PSA Peugeot Citroën group.

Founded in 1919 by French industrialist André-Gustave Citroën (1878–1935), Citroën was the first mass-production car company outside the USA [4] and pioneered the modern concept of creating a sales and services network that complements the motor car.[5] Within eight years Citroën had become Europe's largest car manufacturer and the 4th largest in the world.[6]

File:Tour Eiffel Citroen.jpg
The Eiffel Tower served as a billboard for Citroën from 1925 to 1934.

Citroën earned a reputation for innovation and revolutionary engineering, which is reflected in the company's slogan "Créative Technologie". Its history of innovation began with its founding, when André-Gustave Citroën introduced the first industrial mass production of vehicles outside the United States, a technique he developed mass-producing armaments for the French military in World War I. In 1924, Citroën produced Europe’s first all-steel-bodied car, the B-10.[7] In 1934, Citroën secured its reputation for innovation with its Traction Avant, not only the world's first mass-produced front-wheel drive car, but also one of the first cars to feature a monocoque-type body.[8] In 1954 Citroën produced the world's first hydropneumatic self-levelling suspension system,Template:Fix then in 1955 the revolutionary Citroën DS, the first European production car with disc brakes.Template:Fix In 1967, Citroën introduced the first swiveling headlights in several models, allowing for greater visibility on winding roads.

The brand celebrated its 90th Anniversary in 2009.

[edit] Models

[edit] List of Citroën models

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[edit] References

  1. "Saint-Ouen retrouve son fleuve, la Seine." l'Humanité. 28 October 2006. Retrieved on 3 February 2010. "La mort lente des petites entreprises, la délocalisation des plus importantes ont transformé Saint-Ouen. Il ne reste en centre-ville que l’usine Citroën.."
  2. "PSA Peugeot Citroën - Key Figures". 2010-08-06. Retrieved 2011-08-01. 
  3. "The Company". Retrieved 2007-09-19. 
  4. "NSN". 
  5. "Citroë". 
  6. Reynolds, John. "André Citroën: Engineer, Explorer, Entrepreneur". (J H Haynes & Co Ltd) Revised edition (25 August 2006) Page 63
  7. "Citroën – All-Steel Bodywork". 
  8. Reynolds, John. "André Citroën: Engineer, Explorer, Entrepreneur". (J H Haynes & Co Ltd) Revised edition (25 August 2006) inside cover
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