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Vauxhall Motors
Type Limited company
Industry Automotive
Predecessor Alex Wilson and Company,
Vauxhall Iron Works
Founded 1857 (Vauxhall ironworks making river boat engines)
Founder(s) Alexander Wilson
Headquarters Luton, United Kingdom
Number of locations Assembly plants:
Ellesmere Port and Luton
Area served United Kingdom
Key people Karl-Friedrich Stracke
Duncan Aldred
(Managing director)
Products Automobiles
Services Financial services
Revenue £3,785 million (2004)[1]
Operating income £131 million (2004)[1]
Profit £-176 million (2004)[1]
Owner(s) General Motors
Employees 4.700 (2009)[1]
Divisions VXRacing
Subsidiaries GM Manufacturing Luton

Vauxhall Motors (registered name General Motors UK Limited)[2] is a British automotive company owned by General Motors (GM) and headquartered in Luton.[3] It was founded in 1857 as a pump and marine engine manufacturer, began manufacturing cars in 1903 and was acquired by GM in 1925.[4] It has been the second-largest selling car brand in the UK for over two decades.[4]

File:Vauxhall 30 98 Special 1923.jpg
Vauxhall 30/98 Special 1923
File:Vauxhall might be 12 at Woburn.JPG
Vauxhall 14: 6 cyl 4-door Saloon 1937
File:Vauxhall Saloon.jpg
Vauxhall Wyvern 4-door Saloon
File:Vauxhall Velox 4-Door Saloon 1955.jpg
Vauxhall Velox 4-door Saloon 1955
File:Vauxhall Velox 4-Door Saloon 1958.jpg
Vauxhall Velox 4-door Saloon 1958
File:Vauxhall FBD Victor 4-Door Saloon 1963.jpg
Vauxhall FBD Victor 4-door Saloon 1963
File:Concept Opel GT Concept.jpg
2003 Vauxhall VX Lightning Concept

Vauxhall has major manufacturing facilities in Luton (commercial vehicles) and Ellesmere Port, UK (passenger cars). The Luton plant currently employs around 1,170 staff and has a capacity of approximately 100,000 units.[5] The Ellesmere Port plant currently employs around 2,100 staff and has a capacity of approximately 187,000 units.[5] The current Vauxhall range includes the Opel Agila (city car), Corsa (supermini), Astra (small family car), Insignia (large family car), Meriva (mini MPV), Mokka (mini crossover SUV) and Zafira Tourer (compact MPV).

Since the late 1980s Vauxhall products have been largely identical to those of Opel, GM's German subsidiary, and most models are principally designed in Rüsselsheim, Germany.[6] A high proportion of Vauxhall-branded vehicles sold in the UK are produced at Opel factories in Germany, Spain and Poland, and roughly 80% of Vauxhall production is exported, most of which is sold under the Opel brand.[5]

The griffin emblem, which is still in use, is derived from the coat of arms of Falkes de Breauté, a mercenary soldier who was granted the Manor of Luton for services to King John in the thirteenth century. By marriage, he also gained the rights to an area near London, south of the Thames. The house he built, Fulk's Hall, became known in time as Vauxhall. Vauxhall Iron Works adopted this emblem from the coat of arms to emphasise its links to the local area. When Vauxhall Iron Works moved to Luton in 1905, the griffin emblem coincidentally returned to its ancestral home.

The logo as pictured used to be square, but it is now circular, to enable it to fit in the same recess designed for the circular Opel emblem. Since the 1920s, the griffin has been redesigned and released 9 times. 2008 saw the release of a revised version of the 2005 logo. Bill Parfitt, Chairman and Managing Director of GM UK, said, "While the new-look Griffin pays homage to our 100 year-plus manufacturing heritage in the UK, it also encapsulates Vauxhall’s fresh design philosophy, first showcased in the current Astra, and set to continue with Insignia."[7]


List of Vauxhall models

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Vauxhall Motors Limited". ICC Financial Analysis Reports (ICC Information Group). 11 September 2006. 
  2. "General Motors UK Limited: Private Company Information - BusinessWeek". Retrieved 2011-11-23. 
  3. "Corporate contact information." Vauxhall Motors. Retrieved on 2 November 2009.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Vauxhall Motors: a history". The Guardian (UK). 10 September 2009. Retrieved 1 October 2010. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "About Vauxhall". General Motors UK Limited. Retrieved 24 August 2010. 
  6. Simister, John (12 July 2009). "Vauxhall Astra". The Independent (UK). Retrieved 25 August 2010. 
  7. "Vauxhall's Griffin Flies to New Horizon". Vauxhall Motors. 10 September 2009. Retrieved 10 September 2009. 

External links

Vauxhall at the Open Directory Project

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